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U.s. Norway Social Security Agreement
In addition to improving the social security of working workers, international social security agreements help ensure continuity of benefit protection for people who have received social security credits under the U.S. system and another country. If you do not agree with the decision on your entitlement to benefits under the agreement, contact a U.S. or Norwegian social security office. The people there can tell you what you need to do to appeal the decision. The agreements also have a positive effect on the profitability and competitive position of companies operating abroad by reducing their business costs abroad. Companies with staff stationed abroad are encouraged to use these agreements to reduce their tax burden. The program is financed by the social security contributions of the individual and the employer, in addition to subsidies from the Land and municipalities. The person`s contribution is calculated at a higher rate for the self-employed (11.4%) employees (8.2%). Employer contributions (14.1%) in terms of wages, etc.
Rates are set by Parliament in annual regulations on national insurance contributions. If you have credits in both the U.S. and Norway, you may be eligible for benefits from one or both countries. If you meet all the essential requirements under a country`s system, you will benefit regularly from that country. If you don`t meet the basic requirements, the agreement can help you qualify for a performance, as explained below. A list of countries with which the United States currently has totalization agreements and copies of these agreements can be accessed under U.S. international social security agreements. The agreement allows U.S. and Finnish nationals living in the United States, as well as U.S. nationals in Finland, to be eligible for NPS pension and survival benefits if they have stayed in Finland five consecutive years after the age of 16.
The five-year stay should not be done immediately before the law. Any agreement (with the exception of the agreement with Italy) provides an exception to the territorial rule, which aims to minimize disruptions in the career of workers whose employers temporarily send abroad. Under this exception for “self-employed workers,” a person temporarily transferred to work for the same employer in another country is covered only by the country from which he or she was seconded. A U.S. citizen or resident, for example, who is temporarily transferred by a U.S. employer to work in a contract country, remains covered by the U.S. program and is exempt from host country coverage. The worker and employer only pay contributions to the U.S. program. The agreement with Italy is a departure from other US agreements because it does not regulate the people cashed in. As in other agreements, the basic criterion of coverage is the territorial rule.
However, the coverage of foreign workers is mainly based on the nationality of the worker. If an employed or self-employed U.S. citizen in Italy would be covered by U.S. Social Security without the agreement, he will remain covered by the U.S. program and exempt from Italian coverage and contributions. To qualify for benefits under the U.S. Social Security program, a worker must have earned enough work credits, known as insurance quarters, to meet the “insurance status requirements” specified. For example, a worker who turns 62 in 1991 or later generally needs 40 calendar terms to be insured for old age pensions.