Du finder os her
Trade Agreements Between South Africa And Mozambique
Improved merchandise trade opportunities: The EPA guarantees access to the EU market without tariffs or quotas for Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia and Eswatini. South Africa enjoys new market access under the EU-South Africa Trade, Development and Cooperation Agreement (TDCA), which currently governs trade relations with the EU until October 2016 (when the EPA came into force on an interim basis, which lifted the trade component of the TDCA). The new access includes better trading conditions, particularly in agriculture and fishing, including wine, sugar, fish products, flowers and fruit preserves. The EU will benefit from new valid access to the southern African customs union (whose products include wheat, barley, cheese, meat products and butter) and will have the security of a bilateral agreement with Mozambique, one of the region`s LDCs. After the end of the civil war, the country`s new constitution was adopted on 30 November 1990 and the general peace agreement between Frelimo and Renamo was signed on 4 October 1992. The EPA provides asymmetric access to the partners of the APE CDAA group. They can protect sensitive products from full liberalisation and safeguards can be taken if imports from the EU increase too rapidly. A detailed chapter on development identifies areas of trade that can benefit from financing. The agreement also contains a chapter on sustainable development that covers social and environmental issues. The two countries have 70 bilateral agreements and agreements covering a wide range of fields, including energy, agriculture, arts and culture, defence and security, education and the environment, science and technology, immigration, tourism, trade and investment. The aim of the visit was to consolidate bilateral, political, economic and social cooperation between the two countries.
The Republic of Mozambique is classified as a low-income and least developed country (LDC), of which about 80% of the population lives in poverty. In the World Economic Forum (WEF) Enabling Trade Index (2012), the country ranked 97th out of 132 countries that measure institutions, policies and services to facilitate trade in countries. Over the past two decades, the country`s economy has grown rapidly, with an annual growth rate of about 8%, mainly supported by the exploitation of natural resources. Despite its high growth rate and ongoing mega-projects, the Mozambican economy remains based on agriculture, accounting for 75% of the population`s employment. Its GDP is mainly based on the services, agriculture and manufacturing sectors. Obstacles to its development include ineffective import and export procedures, inadequate transportation infrastructure and services, the poor regulatory environment and physical security issues.