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International Cospas-Sarsat Programme Agreement
In particular, Cospas-Sarsat works with the United Nations such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) to ensure that Cospas-Sarsat emergency notification services are compatible with the needs, standards and recommendations of the international community.  Cospas-Sarsat is part of IMO`s Global Maritime Safety System (GMDSS) and should be part of ICAO`s overall management and safety system. IMO imposes Cospas Sarsat beacons (EPIRBs, see below) on all ships subject to the requirements of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (so-called SOLAS class vessels), commercial fishing vessels and all liners in international waters. Similarly, ICAO needs Cospas-Sarsat beacons on board aircraft on international flights.  National administrations are often subject to requirements in addition to the international requirements of these agencies. XVI.3 Where a State accedes to this Agreement and assumes responsibility for the contribution of an additional base unit which itself constitutes an expansion of the space segment, it shall do so with the agreement of all parties, in accordance with a decision of the Council under Article 3.2, that such an expansion is necessary. Briefing on Sea Transport Documents Bill (see annex 1)SUMMARYThe COSPAS-SARSAT agreement on the sea transport programme and document were presented to the Committee. The members of the committee also referred to the Helderberg plane crash. Members of the committee, particularly members of the Democratic Party, said it was necessary to have a more in-depth look at the Helderberg disaster in light of a TRC hearing on the matter and the outstanding accusations of bad play regarding the previous investigation.
NNP members advised members to wait and let the issue develop on its own. DP members strongly opposed it, arguing that the longer they waited, the worse the situation would get. In the end, the members of the commission decided to call on the Minister of Transport and Civil Aviation for clarification. PROTOCOLCOSPAS-SARSAT-PROGRAMME-M. Nasser Solomon, from the Department of Transport, said South Africa was committed to providing maritime safety services as a signatory to the Convention on Safe Sea, the International Convention on Requests for Sea and Rescue, the Convention on International Civil Aviation. COSPAS – SARSAT is such a service. COSPAS, a Russian acronym freely translated “Space System for the Search of Vessels in Distress” and SARSAT stands for Sarsat Search and Rescue Aide Satellite Tracking. COSPAS – SARSAT provides search and rescue authorities with free emergency and location information anywhere in the world for sea, aviation and land users in distress. The Ministry of Transport recently purchased equipment for the provision of COSPAS-SARSAT services provided by Telkom on behalf of the Ministry.
A Local User Terminal (LUT) has been installed at Telkom`s headquarters in Milnerton and is partially operational. The COSPAS – SARSAT system consists of three segments: radio lights carried by ships and aircraft (the committee was informed of the different types of beacons such as the 121 and 406s), a space segment and a ground segment. Satellite services are provided free of charge within the meaning of the international agreement COSPAS – SARSAT, but the different countries must provide and pay for the ground segment that is used from the users` local terminal (which processes the transmitted distress signals to provide a beacon site, then sends alerts to a mission control center) and a mission control center that validates and exchanges alarm data and technical information and the addresses to the rescue services are redistributed, exist. . . .